TRAINING OBJECTIVES: This course is intended to provide detailed instruction in the theory and practices of magnetic particle inspection, including the capabilities and  limitations of the method. Instruction will be given in generally accepted inspection techniques in accordance with codes and standards.

APPLICABLE STANDARDS: This program meets the requirements of SNT-TC-1A, BINDT/PCN, CAN/CGSB-48.9712 and ISO-9712.

DEFINITION OF LEVEL 2 PERSONNEL: Level 2 personnel are defined as personnel qualified in magnetic particle testing who will perform and/or direct magnetic particle inspection according to established or recognized procedures and shall be responsible for the magnetic particle method or technique to be used, and for the assessment of test results.


  1. Introduction
    • Brief outline of the roles of: NDE Institute of Trinidad & Canadian Institute for NDE; Canadian General Standards Board; Department of Natural Resources Canada; SNT-TC-1A
    • Certification procedures and application formats
    • Advantages and disadvantages of the major nondestructive examination methods
    • History of magnetic particle inspection


  1. Basic Principles of Magnets and Magnetic Fields
    • The earth's magnetic field
    • Theory of magnetism
    • Law of magnetism
    • Magnets and their magnetic field
    • Magnetic characteristic curves and hysteresis


  1. Materials Associated with Magnetic Fields
    • Ferromagnetic materials
    • Diamagnetic materials
    • Paramagnetic materials


  1. Magnetic Field Direction and Discontinuity Detection
    • Surface discontinuities
    • Sub-surface discontinuities
    • Affect on indications


  1. Magnetization and Electric Currents
    • Basic terminology associated with electric currents
    • Production of circular magnetic fields: right hand rule; applications; discontinuities detectable; equipment; precautions
    • Production of longitudinal fields
    • Magnetization by circular fields
    • Head shots
    • Central conductors
    • Coil shots and cable wraps
    • Prods and electromagnets
  1. Basic Steps of Magnetic Particle Inspection
  2. Selecting the proper magnetization method
    • Shape, condition and location of part
    • Discontinuities sought
    • Establishing current requirements
    • Sequence of operations


  1. Inspection Materials
    • Wet and dry methods
    • Following performance checks
    • Electromagnetic spectrum and black lights


  1. Demagnetization
    • Basic principles
    • Methods
    • Reasons for
    • Terminology associated with demagnetization
    • Equipment
    • Demagnetization methods
    • Measuring residual fields
    • Requirements for demagnetization


  1. Equipment Types
    • Equipment generally available
    • Special application equipment


  1. Following Written Procedures
    • Where to look and what to look for

NOTE: Safety shoes are mandatory for all laboratory work.


Minimum class size: 6
Maximum enrolment: 12



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Five days (40 hours)