PREREQUISITE: Registrants must have successfully completed a Level 1 Ultrasonics course in accordance with BINDT/PCN, CGSB or ACCP requirements.

TRAINING OBJECTIVES: This course is intended to provide a thorough grounding in the principles of ultrasonic testing and the fundamentals of engineering materials and components, such that the technician will be able to:

identify the suitability of ultrasonic testing for all materials and inspection applications.
develop inspection techniques and prepare procedures that can be followed by a Level 1 technician.
document results of the analysis.
be familiar with all regulatory codes and specifications for ultrasonic testing and their intent.

APPLICABLE STANDARDS: This program meets the requirements of SNT-TC-1A, BINDT/PCN, CAN/CGSB-48.9712 and ISO-9712.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF LEVEL 2 PERSONNEL: Level 2 personnel are defined as personnel who perform and/or direct industrial Ultrasonics according to established or recognized procedures and are responsible for the Ultrasonic method or technique used and for the interpretation of the test method.


  1. Basic Theory
    • Sound as energy
    • The source, the medium and the receiver
    • Wave motion
    • The sound frequency spectrum
    • Relationship of velocity, frequency and wavelength


  1. Fundamentals of Pulse Echo
    • Basic operation of a pulse echo system
    • Pulse length and considerations for penetration and resolution requirements
    • Definition of penetration and resolution
    • Pulse frequency / pulse damping
    • Pulse repetition frequency
    • Equipment for pulse echo
    • The piezoelectric phenomenon
    • The "A" scan presentation
    • Basic design and operation of a general purpose ultrasonic flaw detector
    • Basic design and operation of transducers
    • Types of waves and their characteristics
    • Refraction and mode conversion


  1. Advanced Theory
    • Practical consideration of sound velocity
    • Acoustic impedance and practical considerations
    • Practical consideration of pulse repetition frequency (PRF)
    • Behaviour of sound energy at point of reflection and refraction
    • Refraction index
    • Construction of a typical transducer catalogue
    • Transducer technology
    • Beam physics
  1. Applied Ultrasonic Testing
    • Technique development / wrought products; welds; heavy castings
    • Geometrics
    • Review of the basic operation of an immersion testing facility; the advantages and disadvantages of the techniques
    • Focus transducer technology
    • Beam profiling and optimum pressure zones for different focus
    • Calculating minimum water path distance and optimum water path distance
    • Distance Amplitude Correction (DAC)
    • Sizing method for flaws larger than the beam diameter
    • Evaluation of flaws for type of defect


  1. Calibration of Instrumentation
    • Review of the basic requirements of ASTM E317-85 and latest revisions
    • Performance of the following calibrations using the immersion technique: horizontal linearity / vertical linearity; near surface resolution / far surface resolution; sensitivity / signal to noise ratio
    • Documentation of results
    • Disposition procedures for equipment found "out of calibration"


  1. Engineering Materials and Components
    • General
    • Properties of materials
    • The nature of materials and solid state changes in metals
    • Ferrous metals
    • Introduction to metal processing
    • The casting process
    • The welding process
    • Plastic flow
    • The forging processes
    • Other processes
    • Surface finishing and case hardening of steels


  1. Codes and Specifications
    • Interpretation of codes and specifications in common use

NOTE: Participants are requested to have a calculator capable of scientific notation. Safety shoes are mandatory for all laboratory work.



Minimum class size: 6
Maximum enrolment: 8



Level I & Must Have Passed A Multiple Choice Math Proficiency Test either Online or Paper Form. Call NDEIT for exam info at (868)-653-9343.


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Ten days (80 hours)